Highlight the various measures that would minimize agency problems between the owners and the management

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Highlight the various measures that would minimize agency problems between the owners and the management

1:a)Mwomboko Company Ltd currently operates with terms of net 30 days. The company has sales of Sh.12 million and its average collection period is 45 days. To stimulate demand, the company is considering the possibility of offering terms of net 60 days. If it offers these terms sales will increase by 20%. After the change the average collection period is expected to increase to 75 days with no difference in payments habits between old and new customers.
The company has variable costs of Sh.70 for every Sh.100 of sales. The required rate of return on receivables is 20%.
Should the company extend its credit period? (Assume a year has 360 days). (8 marks)

(b)Andreas Company Ltd. currently pays a dividend of Sh.2 per share and this dividend is expected to grow at an annual rate of 15% for the first 3 years then at a rate of 10% for the next 3 years after which it is expected to grow at a rate of 5% thereafter.
(i)What value would you place on the stock if an 18% rate of return were required? (7 marks)
(ii)Would your valuation change if you expected to hold the stock for only 3 years? Explain. (5 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

The financial data given below shows the capital structure of Akabebi Company Limited.

10% Sh.1,000 debenture 4,900,000
Ordinary share capital (Sh.20) 18,000,000
Retained earning 6,000,000
TOTALS 28,900,000

The structure is considered optimum and the management would wish to maintain this level.
Akabebi Company Limited intends to invest in a new project which is estimated to cost Sh.16,800,000 with an expected net cash flow of Sh.3,000,000 per annum for 10 years. The management has proposed to raise the required funds through the following means:
1.Issue 100 10% debentures at the current market value of Sh.5,000 per debenture.
2.Utilize 60% of the existing retained earnings.
3.Issue 10% Sh.20 preference shares at the current market price of Sh.25 per share
4.Issue ordinary shares at the current market price of Sh.45 per share. Floatation cost per share is estimated to be 12% of the share value.
The company’s current dividend yield is 5% which is expected to continue in the near future. Corporation tax rate is 30%.
(a)Determine the current dividend per share. (3 marks)

(b)Determine the number of ordinary shares to be issued.(2 marks)

(c)Determine the marginal cost of capital for Akabebi Company Ltd based on the above information. (8 marks)

(d)Evaluate whether it is viable to invest in the proposed project (Round off your answer for cost of capital to the nearest 1) (2 marks)

(e)Explain clearly the sense in which depreciation is said to be a source of funds to business firms. (5 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)

(a)Define agency relationship from the context of a public limited company and briefly explain how this arise. (6 marks)

(b)Highlight the various measures that would minimize agency problems between the owners and the management. (6 marks)

(c)Evaluate any three factors that may be responsible for the slow growth in the number of companies seeking listing at the Nairobi Stock Exchange or Stock Exchange in your country. (8 marks)
(Total: 20 marks)








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