History and recent developments in disability

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History and recent developments in disability

Task 2

For this task your learning group must split up the following points of interest and each member must complete a report at least one topic. All topics on the list must be researched. Once you have completed your own report, the learning group will meet and each member will present their findings to the rest of the group. While other members of your learning group are reporting you should be taking notes of the important information they have learned.

The research topics are:

1. History and recent developments in disability

a. Social versus medical model of service

b. Institutionalised versus person-centred, self-directed model of support

2. Social constructs of disability and the impact of own attitudes on working with people with disabilities

3. How and when to seek support from more experienced and qualified staff

4. Types of disability, including:

a. Acquired brain injury

b. Autism spectrum disorder

c. Cognitive disability

d. Developmental delay

e. Intellectual disability

f. Neurological impairment

g. Physical disability

h. Sensory disability, including hearing, vision impairment

i. Speech/language disability

5. Support practices for people, including but not limited to, the following conditions:

a. Genetic factors

b. Physical trauma

c. Psychological trauma

d. Chronic lifestyle conditions

e. Acquired brain injury

6. Legal and ethical considerations for working with people with disability:

a. Codes of conduct

b. Discrimination

c. Dignity of risk

d. Duty of care

e. Human rights, including the United nations convention on the rights of persons with disabilities (UNCRPD)

f. Informed consent

g. Mandatory reporting

h. Privacy, confidentiality and disclosure

i. Work role boundaries – responsibilities and limitations

j. Work health and safety

7. Principles of:

a. Empowerment

b. Rights-based approaches

c. Person-centred practices

d. Self-advocacy

e. Active support

f. Active listening

g. Social justice, and the importance of knowing and respecting each person as an individual

h. Strengths-based approaches

8. Strategies that assist people with disabilities to exercise their rights and support independent action and thinking, including use of technology (e.g. Laptops or tablets) to facilitate choice

9. How to access and use advocacy services and complaint mechanisms

10. Indicators of abuse and/or neglect in relation to people with disabilities